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TOXIC TOUR BY TOWN

TINICUM

Philadelphia International Airport 

  • Two-thirds of the airport is located in DelCo
  • Huge source of benzene and other hazardous air pollutants (HAPs)
  • 38% of toxic lead pollution in the U.S. is from airlines since leaded gasoline is still used
  • Increase in jets that use more toxic fuels
  • Airport expansion flipped the runway around, causing planes to fly over Chester
EDDYSTONE

• Boeing military helicopter plant / Vertol 

• Liberty Electric: 541 megawatt gas-fired power plant [started in 2002] 

• Exelon Eddystone: 1,400 megawatt power plant burning coal, oil and gas [started in 1960] o 8 burners; planning to close the two that burn coal in 2013, (42% of plant’s capacity) o one of the largest polluters in DelCo; 

• Proposed Oil Shale and Frack Water Rail-to-Barge Facility (Eddystone Rail Co & Enbridge)

 • Foamex polyurethane foam plant site / Camden Iron & Metal scrapyard proposed/defeated o More info: Eddystone Residents for Positive Change – er4pc.webs.com 

• Industrial Park Development Company property 

• Petrolite Corp (formerly Monroe Chemical) 

• Taylor Oil 

• Valley National Gases • JLN Assoc (formerly Eastern Flame Hardening) 

• Penn Terminal

CHESTER

(Start in Eddystone and head south on 291, cross over Ridley Creek overpass are you are in Chester -stay straight on for toxic tour)

  • Harrah’s Philadelphia Casino
  • State Correctional Institute
  • Kimberly Clarke Tissue Corporation paper mill (formerly Scott Paper) Across from City Hall and Ethel Waters Park. Since 1986 was powered by a 67 megawatt burner that burns waste coal, petroleum coke, sludge waste, natural gas and fuel oil. Petroleum coke is oil refinery waste that has 5 times higher surfer levels than waste coal.Tried to burn tires in 199 with a plant burn 800+ tires in their fuel mix CRCQL and Laborer’s International Union Local 413 protested this plan, which was stopped due to permit dispute with PA Dept. of Environmental Protection. 
  • Chester Water Authority Water fluoridation: see www.actionpa.org/flourideRiverbridge Industrial Center
  • PQ Corp Chemicals- Located here in 1905, makes things from silicate chemistry, zeolite chemistry, and magnesium derivative chemistry
  • Evonik Degussa Chemical Plant: Chemicals production of performance silica, carbon black, performance silica, matting agents, rubber silane and iron blue pigments. 2008 TRI release were 2,9980 pounds of sulfuric acid and 480 pounds of ammonia
  • Stadium Parking lots
  • PECO Substation
  • Former Wade Dump Site: 3 million gallons of industrial waste dumped in the lot in 1970s. Over 230 firefighters and emergency workers were exposed to the Wade dump fire and aftermath. Serious illnesses- cancer, vascular and neuromuscular disorders, kidney failure afflicted 1 in 5. 28 died.
  • PECO/Chem-Clear toxic waste siteSubaru Soccer Stadium for The Philadelphia Union Waterfront trail along stadium Empty area: used to be Ugite (and experimental petroleum cracking processes to make fuels and hydrocarbon from cruel oil)
  • Chester Generating Station- 39 megawatt oil burning power plant
  • The Wharf at Rivertown- old PECO generating station turned offices
  • DELCORA Combined Sewage Overflow- at end of Highland AvenueStormwater overflows release sewage into the Delaware River. People fish here despite warning signs.
  • COVANTA TRASH INCINERATOR - also known as Delaware Valley Resource Recovery Facility.  Largest trash incinerator in the United States.  Opened in 1992 as a “trash to steam’ plant, directly next other references are Resource Recovery Facility, “waste to energy”.  Incinerators emit more toxic pollutants that burning coal and are the least efficient way to create energy. Covanta Incinerator has the fewest pollution controls than most other incinerators, despite being the largest. It lacks mercury and nitrogen oxide controls: which cause…
  • Bowman’s Concrete
  • ThermalPure medical waste autoclave site (CLOSED- operated 1993-1995): Previously the largest in U.S.Workers reported being stuck with needles and contracting illnesses.  Incident where 33 unrefrigerated trucks of medical waste were left out in the heat for a weekend due to a malfunction at ThermalPure. CRCQL filed a federal lawsuit citing violation of the Civil Rights Acts in the first group to use the act in an environmental racism case. 
  • Clean Metals ash processing site (operated 2002-2005): Took toxic ash from Covanta, separated the ash from any metals, which was sent to recycling. Laborer’s International Union Local 413 protested the DEP meeting, shutting it down
  • Soil Remediation Systems (defeated in 1996)
  • Abbonizio concrete/aggregate site
  • DELCORA sewage treatment plant and sewage sludge incinerator. Largest source of arsenic in Chester until sued and forced to clean upIn 2010, DELCORA tried to take frack - natural gas drilling - wastewater from update PA, but protest stopped it
TRAINER

  • Trainer Industries

  • Stony Creek Technologies chemical plant [formerly Witco Chemical]

  • Delta Air Lines oil refinery (172,000 barrels/day) [formerly BPToscoConocoPhillipsDelta]

    o 3rd largest oil refinery in PA

o 78% of their imports are from Africa; 40% just from Nigeria

human rights abuses; Nigeria’s history of executing environmental activists in Nigeria
Bush/Obama Africom program to provide U.S. military coverage of Africa to secure the

flow of oil in the name of peacekeeping and “fighting terrorism”; see

http://africahumansecurity.weebly.com
o ConocoPhillips closed refinery in late 2011, and was to tear it down in March 2012, but Delta

bought it to reopen it in 2012; refinery will meet 80% of Delta’s needs
o Dumps some of their toxic wastes into the sewage system that goes to the DELCORA plant next

door, where the sewage sludge is incinerated 

MARCUS HOOK

  • Med-Waste / Safety Disposal Systems of PA, Inc. – medical waste autoclave

  • Sun Oil refinery (175,000 barrels/day) [closed in 2011]

o 2nd largest refinery in PA
o 2003-2009: paid over $1.7 million in fines for air pollution violations
o 2009: major explosion took almost a full day to put out the blaze
o Only 13% of their feedstocks are from the U.S. 77% are from Africa; 61% just from Nigeria.

[See points on human rights abuses and Africom under ConocoPhillips above]
o Sunoco closed the refinery in late 2011 and is interested in converting it to process natural gas

from shale gas drilling (“fracking”) in Pennsylvania to convert ethane to ethylene in a dangerous

and polluting “cracking” plant.

  • Pure Energy – trash-to-ethanol biorefinery proposed in 1999, but abandoned

  • FPL Energy / Marcus Hook Refinery Cogen: 50 megawatt gas-fired power plant [used as backup]

  • FPL Energy Marcus Hook LP: 717 megawatt gas-fired power plant [started in 2004]

    o also burns some of the Sun oil refinery’s waste oils 4